Lying in the southwestern part of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, known as "the Roof of the World", Xizang (Tibet) borders on India, Nepal, Sikhim, Bhutan,' Myanmar and adjoins Sichuan, Qinghai, Yunnan and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Area: over 1200000 km2.
Xizang is the principal part of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, surrounded by mountain masses, including Qomolangma Peak with the world's maximum elevation of 8848 metres above sea level. There are numerous alpine lakes, torrential rivers and magnificent Buddhist temples, and therefore, it has long been an ideal region for mountain-climbing, scientific investigation, exploration, tourism and Buddhist activities.
The region has a plateau climate, with low temperature, thin air and little amount of rainfall, but a long sunshine time. The greater temperature differences occur during a 24-hour period.
Xizang possesses a great number of famous historic sites. Potala Palace of Lhasa has been listed in the World Heritages, and the Yarlung River is among the national major famous scenic areas. Dazhao(Jokhang) Lamasery and Norbulingka in Lhasa City, Tashilhumpo Monastery in Xigaze, Baiqoi Temple in Gyangze , Drepung Lamasery, Sera Monastery and Gandain Monastery are famous tourist sites.
The traditional local products include Tibetan carpet, Tibetan boots, gold vessel, silverware and Tibetan traditional medicine, etc.
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